Eastern trends are relevant today. European culture welcomes the exotic and, along with spiritual practices, original cuisine recipes and traditions, chooses the Japanese model of site arrangement. The ideas of the eastern direction are clearly different from the classical design techniques. At the same time, liberties in creativity are excluded, and the design is due to strict obedience to a given theme..
The Japanese Garden is a philosophy of wisdom, a place for relaxation and contemplation. The semantic space is built on miniature, symbols and order. The organization of the landscape is equated with serenity, and implies detachment. Adhering to the principle of fusion of nature and man, the concept implies a change of landscapes, complementary compositions with the inclusion of independent elements located in solitude.
It is realistic to reproduce the style and external surroundings from photographs, but an accurate picture requires immersion in the culture of the country in order to create full-length plots. It must contain plot «sketches» from dwarf plants, pine, bamboo, stones of permissible sizes, a reservoir. The task of the design is to avoid the chaotic pile-up of conglomerates and fill the space with the quiet sound of a natural symphony.
The vector of direction in the organization of the site is directed towards the creation of illusions and imitations. Since the Japanese style is due to the presence of a pond, in the absence of water on the site, it is permissible to do «waves» on the sand. The main thing is to repeat the Japanese story in miniature in the manner of kare-sansui («dry» landscape).
The abstract stream is covered with stones according to the design requirements. If a gray-blue color is required for color harmony, its channel is decorated with slate or basalt. Limestone and milky marble create light accents, multifaceted granite allows you to blend with natural colors due to «earthen» shades.
A stunning effect is provided by a scattering of polished medium-sized pebbles and glass beads that fill the space among the overall conglomerates painted in blue. To duplicate the blue surface of the water, bugles are poured over the surface of the sand with the preliminary removal of the sod layer.
And yet, the creation of a living source will support the naturalness of the surroundings, and will become the main focus of the garden. The location of the source suggests a mound with heavy boulders or an alternative in the form of a hill with a path paved with pebbles or cobblestones.
The stream is running, the water is murmuring
In the project of organizing an artificial spring, a route scheme for the movement of water is being thought out, covering an area with green spaces. It is enclosed in a closed cycle, and the principle of circulation is based on overflowing water from the source, moving it to the lower reservoir, and moving through an underground pipe under pump pressure to the initial point.
With a relief with a slope, the problem of angle degrees is not considered, but with a flat surface, you have to make an embankment, placing the source at the top of the mound in the form «crying stone». An interesting option is with the construction of a retaining wall, or a version of a stone grotto is being considered, or the idea of a static support with a jug is being embodied in reality.
For an even flow, there are enough steps with a difference of several centimeters every meter of the paved length. The murmuring streams must move along a pebble-paved path with high rapids. In the case of sloping terrain, it is advisable to run a cascading stream. The tiers are formed using stone steps and their number of storeys depends only on the possibilities.
Variations on the theme of water
If you remember that stone and water are the main components of the design, you will be able to support the motives of the Japanese genre. The pond usually follows the outline of the hieroglyph «heart», and large boulders along the perimeter of the water surface resemble islets, and are associated with the location of the country.
It is permissible to organize a pond in different ways. Film containers, especially made of butyl rubber, hold water perfectly, are custom made, and are ready to demonstrate any configuration. A PVC bowl is one of the real methods of choosing a shape. The PVC membrane is presented in different colors, unlike the one indicated above, and this allows the bottom to be green, brown or to match the sky.
You just have to diligently align the boundaries with a level in order to visually smooth out the signs of the artificial origin of the reservoir. If desired, you can install a multi-stage container, which looks much more interesting and is not complicated by installation. At the last stage, it is allowed to add soil, and plant frost-resistant and moisture-loving plants. The concrete version is considered classic, and is often found in the arrangement of the site..
Traditionally, an artificial reservoir requires the addition of stone installations, the prerogative of which is indicated by the need for zoning the territory or masking objects that fall out of the stylistic direction. In fact, they duplicate the relief of the slopes, and often do not accept aesthetic polishing due to the preservation of their pristine nature..
Therefore, cobblestones or boulders covered with moss or paths of conglomerates, with chaotically sprouted grass, exactly copy natural full-length plots, seem abandoned and frozen in time. A rocky garden can really be created on any site and, thereby, if necessary, veil an inappropriate ditch, a slope and turn them into a rock garden or rockery. Everything is logical, explainable and interconnected. It is great if there is drainage at the selected place, and it is actively warmed up by the sun. It is not worth cluttering the area, but there is no need to leave the space boring and lifeless either..
Arrangement of stones is an art and the scheme involves grouping them in an odd number. Stop choosing three large cobblestones for the base, and one type of stone for decoration. Place a large boulder in the middle in addition to two smaller ones. The symbolic composition is related to the triad in Buddhism, and in Japan it means a place for spiritual practices, and the formed spatial triangle will contribute to the accumulation of positive energy.
Rockery and rock garden
A garden of this type differs from an alpine slide by the presence of a flat relief, a small number of plants and an emphasis on dimensions. The gaps between the fragments are filled with gravel, and if there is a desire for a play of contrasts, light pebbles should be poured into the dark formations, and exactly the opposite, repeat the process in the opposite combination.
Colored pebbles, poured on a fertile layer with planted plants, are suitable for limestone. Rockery is also allowed to have an architectural form, indicated by weighty stones, in the company of creeping plant species characteristic of growing on the slopes.
In a small area, a miniature version is organized, where a laid out slide of mossy stones and lichens is visible only from spectacular vantage points. Place them one at a time, in the amount of three or five with the illusion of perception of dilapidated rocks.
Everyone knows and knows about the rock garden «in the face» an artificial hill of stones, with plants making their way between cobblestones and boulders, built by analogy with rockeries. For decoration, mainly perennial and bulbous species are used with a preference for monochromatic design. Brightness is tiresome to the eyes and excites thoughts. Design is in principle characterized by muted colors, sounds and feelings. Green is recognized as the dominant tone, the autumn palette gallery is considered auxiliary. White is completely excluded – a symbol of grief and mourning.
Vegetation and chips in decoration
With regard to plants, preference is given to species that are adapted to the climate and easily take a given shape. These are pine, dwarf tree, rhododendron, azalea, boxwood, maple, barberry, sakura, quince. In oriental culture, three types of wood dominate:
-Plum – its flowering is identified with the coming spring;
-Bamboo is a sign of flexibility and reliability;
– Pine, as the personification of the steadfastness of the spirit;
Their crowns take the form of a small ball, a cone, or are sheared off by steps. Ferns, deciduous varieties, irises are also in favor. Lush foliage and a riot of colors contradict the oriental concept.
An interesting feature of the garden paths. Straight lines are excluded, winding paths do not adhere to strict parameters, and have arbitrary parameters. Usually paved with flat conglomerates. They are complemented by another important component in decoration – Japanese lanterns in stone design..
Ancient vases, turrets, benches and ceramic flower beds with modest flowers are also typical for decorating the landscape. A stylish addition is a bamboo and sozu fence – a unique pattern of bamboo stems, laid out on the water, and symbolizing the transience of time.
Bridges, numerous stone steps, tsukubai – a miniature pool in carved stone for washing hands before the tea ceremony, fill the design with meaning. Distinctive asymmetric shapes and curved lines help to faithfully reproduce classic Japanese design scenes.