Painting walls and ceilings in an apartment is one of the few activities that each of us can do independently. While it requires careful preparation and proper tools, with a little knowledge, painting walls yourself can not only save a family budget, but also bring a lot of joy. So, learn how to paint a room?
Apartment walls painted with paint: preparatory steps
First step: removing old paint
Question «how to paint a room» many of us ask. The first step before painting the walls is usually to remove the old paint. Of course, this step can be skipped when you are dealing with fresh plaster and topcoat..
To check if all paint needs to be removed from the wall, dampen it with water and use a spatula to remove the paint. It is usually worth removing the paint completely, down to the plaster, if possible without major problems. After removing paint with a spatula, wash the wall again to obtain a uniform, clean surface without residues.
Specialty paint thinners are also available today. You can get them from just about every well-stocked home improvement and home improvement store. It is a drug that dissolves paint using biodegradable ingredients. The product is odorless, non-irritating and non-toxic. It is able to remove any type of paint from the wall from acrylic to oil, ending with powder. To make this possible, apply the product evenly to the wall. The waiting time for the effect is about 45 minutes. After the expiration, simply scrape the paint off the wall with a spatula..
Second step: choosing a primer
After stripping off the old paint, you might be asking yourself a question «how to paint the walls?» Walls must be properly primed before painting. To do this, you should use a special primer or even an ordinary, cheapest white paint. It is worth reading the paint manufacturer’s instructions before choosing a material. Manufacturers often recommend specific types of primers. It is worth following their instructions, because not all types of paint are combined with one or another type of finishing material..
The primer on the wall is usually done once or twice, depending on the quality of the material used. The goal is to prepare the surface so that no discoloration is visible after the target paint is applied..
What paint to paint the walls in the apartment: choosing the right type?
The paint should be selected individually for each room. If you want to paint a room with high humidity (like a kitchen or bathroom), choose latex paint. It is resistant to dirt, moisture and grease. You can easily wash it off with water and be sure that the material will not fade..
Latex paint is very easy to apply to walls. Thanks to its consistency and structure, it easily and accurately covers painted surfaces. Usually, on a well-primed surface, it is enough to apply one coat of such paint to completely cover it. This type of finishing material is usually 20-30% more expensive than conventional enamel paint..
For rooms such as a living room, bedroom or hallway, you can use regular enamel paint. One or two coats should be applied on a well primed surface for the perfect effect, especially when choosing a color instead of a white wall.
Structural paints that simulate different effects, such as uneven plaster, are a relatively new solution. Their main advantage, in addition to the interesting visual effect, is the ability to hide uneven walls. This type of paint usually does not require special priming, but it is absolutely imperative to follow the manufacturer’s instructions. You will find in them information on which surfaces the specific structural paint will stick..
How beautiful to paint the walls in an apartment: how much paint is needed?
To estimate the amount of paint required, you must first calculate the surface of the walls and ceilings that you plan to paint. Also think about colors and shades. Increasingly, some walls are painted in a different shade of a given color than others – such ideas should be taken into account during the planning stage..
The yield of latex and enamel paints is usually 10 to 15 m 2 / l. This means that one liter of paint can be used to paint 10 to 15 m 2 of a wall or ceiling. Paint performance may vary by manufacturer and specific type, so always check the manufacturer’s projected average consumption before purchasing. It is also worth remembering that on uneven or rough surfaces (walls covered with plaster without it) consumption will be about 10-20% higher.
Remember that consumption forecast refers to one coat of paint, while for good wall coverage you should apply at least 2-3 coats of primer plus one or two coats of target paint. Therefore, if you need to paint a wall in a room with an area of 30 m 2, then you will need 3 liters of primer paint and 2 liters of target paint for three times priming and two times painting with target paint (the manufacturer gives a consumption of 10 m 2 / liter).
How to paint the walls in the apartment instead of wallpaper?
If the old wallpaper sticks tightly, you don’t need to rip it off. Before painting, properly coat them with only a white primer. Do the same for a darker wall. If you are used to wallpaper in your home, but you do not like their worn condition, then you can paint the wall in vertical stripes, differing in color and size. To make such a pattern, you need to evenly glue the tapes to the wall, paint over every other strip, and then remove the tapes. When the colored strips are dry well, glue the strips along their left and right edges. Color in the remaining fields.
How to paint walls in an apartment with your own hands: step by step
It is best to use a large paint roller for painting. Unlike a brush, it does not require any special skills and guarantees a good effect. The paint will be evenly distributed and after a few runs you will not see any stains. However, remember to distribute the paint evenly after wetting the roller in the tray and removing excess paint..
After soaking the roller, lay it on the wall and make vertical movements – up – down – up. It is not recommended to paint at an angle, as this increases the likelihood of spots and visible irregularities. On large surfaces, use the largest possible roller. Thanks to this, the work will go much more efficiently..
Contact areas between different surfaces (for example, white paint on the ceiling and color on the wall or around an electrical outlet) should be painted over with a small brush. The roller for this purpose is not a good solution, it has too large a surface for precise finishing of such places. The finishing brush should be very small, preferably 1 to 2 cm wide.It is also worth using masking tape.
The next layers can be applied only after the previous one has completely dried. Usually you should wait at least 12, preferably 24 hours to make sure that the previously applied paint coat is dry and well adhered to the surface..
How to paint the ceiling?
Much the same as the walls, but just squeeze the roller a little so that the paint does not drip on you. You also need to remember to separate the ceiling from the walls with ink tape. Masking tape is used to separate one color from another. Wrap the roller gently around the ribbon of the same color, then remove it for a perfectly smooth joint..
What colors to paint the walls in the apartment?
Choosing a wall color is a daunting task for many people. Is the paint white, beige, gray? Or maybe a bet on a bright color? When the renovation is started, the choice of shade becomes a problem. What if it comes out too light or too dark? And now a seemingly simple solution turns out to be the cause of headaches for many people renovating their apartment. How to choose the right color for the walls in the apartment? Practical advice from experts.
The selection of colors has several rules. Choosing the ones that will be with us every day, it is worth starting by studying the topic of the psychology of shade, because colors affect mood, well-being and even physiological processes. Therefore, being nervous, it is better to avoid stimulating red, and if you are prone to depression, it is better not to paint the walls purple. On the other hand, red will have a good effect in the kitchen as it stimulates the digestive processes and appetite, while meditators will appreciate purple as it concentrates and soothes. Therefore, finding the best color for yourself requires knowing your own nature. As a general rule, warm colors stimulate the mind and life processes. White is neutral (which is why it is used in hospitals) and calms blue. Yellow and orange are optimistic, but brown and black are the opposite..
Painting walls and ceilings is one of the last stages of home decoration. Colorful walls and bright ceilings fill the home with coziness. Interiors in which colors are selected appropriately will acquire an interesting style and a unique atmosphere.