The usability of a kitchen is largely determined by good lighting. The kitchen should be bright when cooking or washing. Find out which lamps to choose for a given room. Are LED strips suitable for a kitchen that looks spectacular? What kind of lighting it will be light enough here?
Lighting in the kitchen: competent zoning of space
- main lighting;
- over worktops;
- over the table;
- light points planned along with the kitchen decor.
The light in the kitchen should be functional, emphasize the dignity of the interior and make the prepared dishes more appetizing.
Kitchen lighting: options for a comfortable device
When planning your kitchen lighting, remember that the light should not hit the eyes of the person working in the room. The light should also not cause noticeable shadows in the workplace. The best option is to hang a light ramp directly above the working area in the kitchen, that is, a shelf in which the dots are mounted. The shelf should have a cover to prevent light from scattering outside the countertop surface. If there are cabinets hanging above the countertop, then the lighting should be placed directly below them (preferably along the front edge of the lower part of the cabinets) and covered with a plinth so as not to be distracted. The light points above the working areas in the kitchen can be classic, compact fluorescent lamps or halogen lamps with a warm color and high color rendering index, thanks to which dishes will retain a natural and appetizing appearance..
Ceiling lighting in the kitchen
As in any interior, the kitchen needs general lighting, which is switched on at the entrance to the room, evenly illuminating the entire interior. It doesn’t have to be very clear. Overhead lighting in the kitchen should be diffused or bounced off the ceiling first and then fall onto the appliances without causing shadows. For general kitchen lighting, you can choose traditional ceiling lamps with a diffuser, elongated fluorescent lamps emitting colors close to natural, LED lamps or lamps mounted in a false ceiling, thanks to which the kitchen interior will appear taller and more spacious.
It is good and stylish lighting that can give a room a pleasant and cozy atmosphere. This emphasizes the decor and character of the space. Moreover, a properly selected lamp can become an additional decoration. The trendy pendant light combines minimalism with a modern twist, making the lamp perfect for the kitchen or dining room. Simplicity and classic style make it match with almost any color and decor.
Kitchen work lighting above the table and countertop
The kitchen in the dining room requires cozy lighting that does not tire the eyes. A separate light source should be installed above the table. The light must fall on the entire tabletop, it cannot blind the people sitting around. Good lighting of the workspace is extremely important in the kitchen: worktops, stoves, sinks. The light sources installed here should shine with a bright, focused light. Luminaires with 20 W halogen lamps or fluorescent lamps (traditional ones get too hot) can be installed on the underside of kitchen cabinets or in the holes cut in them. The distance between individual light points should be 40-60 cm.
Decorative lighting in the kitchen
An additional decorative effect in the kitchen layout will be achieved by illuminating the shelves, both inside the cabinets and outside. To do this, you can use light bulbs or LED strips, which consume incomparably less energy than traditional ones, having excellent decorative qualities. If the kitchen has an island, it can be illuminated by a point light source installed in a hood or false ceiling. The hood lighting works independently. You can make a shelf with halogen lighting. The selection of several contours of lighting in the kitchen (three to four) will allow you to gradually turn on the lamps, depending on your needs.
Lighting in the kitchen-living room with effect
Both in the living room and in the kitchen, light and lamps are an element of the decor. You can get pleasant lighting in the common room by installing a special guide on the ceiling with lamps placed on it or a screen with built-in light points (the so-called light ceiling). Equally impressive is a row of identical lamps suspended low above the worktop, which illuminate the entire kitchen. In small kitchens, it is recommended to install side lighting on the walls (sconces, spotlights) facing the ceiling. The light reflected from the ceiling pleasantly illuminates the entire kitchen interior, emphasizing the advantages of objects and equipment. This mood can be accentuated by using illuminated drawers with transparent fronts and illuminated display cases.
Ergonomic lighting in the kitchen with a stretch ceiling: LED strips
Kitchen designs increasingly include false ceilings. The LEDs can be placed in a niche in such a ceiling for an extraordinary effect. In place, it is worth using linear modules, which are mounted using self-adhesive tape. They can reproduce one color or several alternately. An interesting idea for kitchen lighting is to place an LED strip inside a drawer. There are modules on sale that light up only at the moment of exit, so the LEDs light up only if you want to pull the necessary thing out of the drawer.
Recently, LED lighting in the kitchen has become very popular. These lamps come in handy primarily above the countertop, in the washing and cooking area, that is, in places where you perform most of the kitchen activities. LED lighting is energy efficient, and unlike traditional light bulbs, it is also environmentally friendly.
When washing the dishes, you often stand with your back to the main lighting in the kitchen, cutting yourself off from the light and damaging your eyesight while working in the dark. LED strips come to the rescue, they can be mounted in special aluminum profiles under kitchen cabinets. Functional lighting in the kitchen requires as bright a strip as possible, which gives the best light..
Spot lighting in the kitchen and LEDs: important to know
When choosing spotlights and skirting boards for the kitchen, there are several important rules to keep in mind:
- LEDs should be protected by light-scattering housings so that their image does not reflect on surfaces such as a kitchen counter (which is usually smooth and often glossy) and does not cause illumination unpleasant to the eye;
- the kitchen should have other lighting fixtures that provide general illumination for the entire room. This will avoid unwanted contrasts between brightly lit kitchen countertops and the surroundings in sight;
- The power supplies should be placed as close to the LEDs as possible. This way, you keep the voltage drops in the wires between the power supply and the receiver not too large. At the same time, it will be possible to dissipate the heat generated by the diodes.
Lighting of the kitchen area: color choice
New light sources – until recently, incandescent lamps provided warm light, while fluorescent and LED lamps provided cold light. Today halogens, fluorescent and LED bulbs can provide warm light..
Light Temperature – The hue of white light defines the color temperature (TC), measured in degrees Kelvin. Warm light has a color temperature below 3300 K, and cold light above 5000 K.
Color rendering index (Ra) – its maximum value (100) is assigned to daylight. There will be light in the kitchen with Ra above 80.
Important numbers – light sources are designated by a three-digit code: the first number defines the color rendering index, the second – the color temperature. And so fresh meat in the light of 827 will be juicy and red, and in color 960 it will be a little appetizing due to the high color temperature (60, that is, 6000 K).
When designing and decorating your kitchen, choose good lighting, as it is of the utmost importance. In working areas, care must be taken to select suitable luminaires and their correct positioning. With the right lighting of the kitchen, you can emphasize the character of the entire interior, especially when the room is open to the living room, therefore, you should very carefully select the light for the kitchen..