Over the century of its existence, the steep spiral of the staircase, previously hidden in the niche of the wall, has evolved constructively and aesthetically. Alternative versions appeared for wooden steps, differing in appearance, method of fastening and the principle of combining materials. Achieving a stunning effect in the lobby of a country house is possible only in the textured unity of the finish, which is the same for door portals, stairs, skirting boards and radiator screens. This refers to the species of wood, solidarity of colors, connecting decor of profiles and complementary elements. While striving for impeccable design, even when the adjacent rooms do not conceptually overlap, a well-designed corridor will become a unifying stylistic core.
The types and forms of interfloor structures are interesting and varied, which makes it possible to build an integrating structure both in a large and a modest room, and to make it the dominant feature of the interior. In a small area, a spiral (spiral) staircase, directed upward, will be successfully registered, and without any special claims for the footage of the corridor. Graceful wedge-shaped steps are mounted near the central support and the finished ornate structure, in addition to its intended purpose, perfectly decorates the house. Due to the insufficient width, the spiral model is not very convenient to use. For her, it is preferable to use oak and beech wood. Pine and larch are inferior in density, but are often found in budget options. Schemes of combinations of materials in a modern reading are based on materials of different texture: glass + steel or metal, steel + stone.
Stairs on the bolts
The march is attached to the load-bearing wall with special fasteners – bolts. Thanks to the technical features of the installation and the laconicism, the model has received recognition in the category of original design. Despite the task of decorating minimalist interiors, in houses made of timber and bricks, this type of staircase is also appropriate. The design with soaring steps is sometimes alarming with its weightlessness and causes a subconscious sense of danger, although you should rely on the accuracy of engineering calculations. The visual impression is corrected by a secure fixation with steel bolts and a solid glass panel.
In another version, the steps are laid on rod supports. Gentle steps with a central massive frame-holder along the entire vertical span form the impression of the stability and reliability of installation, without being alarmed by the partial absence of a fence.
Such a project is unlikely to please acrophobes and parents with active kids. The loft-panorama of a brick wall is undoubtedly impressive in power, but a one-sided fence, as well as through staircases, is dangerous for children. In a conservative solution, a staircase with an almost imperceptible thread-like railing is perceived completely differently. Stretched thin steel cables fully fulfill the function of protection and perfectly complement the industrial concept.
From category «space weightlessness» and an original staircase made of wood and directed upwards. Solid pedestal and hanging box cause «wobbly» associations associated with the transition to intergalactic space.
When any idea materializes, a monolith should be felt under your feet, despite the material from which the steps are made. Transparent steps are reinforced with bowstrings with 60 mm kosoura, balusters, are integrated with fasteners and represent a solid supporting structure. To «corrugation» looked elegant, milling of the lower profile of the step is used and the risers are ignored.
External asceticism is just a decorative device, or rather, its absence. «Sleepers» ideal for minimalism and hi-tech. The steps are made of stone or hardwood. In minimalist styles, the fence is allowed to be erected from stainless steel, combinations of glass, metal, stone. Combination options provide exclusive results. In this case, the side railing made of duplex glass enhances the aesthetic effect and serves as a psychological support rather than a tangible aid when lifting..
Cross sleepers mounted in steel rails, in the company of chrome-plated vertical rods in the height of the walls, will become the accent of one of the most popular stylistic trends. Depending on the design creativity and the area of the hall, the staircase has different modifications..
In old traditions
Still, the ascent should be comfortable. Wood and stone give solidity and status. Of great importance are not only the geometry, configuration and symmetry of the marches, but also the textured expression of the material. Marble and granite steps showcase the prestige of the design. Anti-slip pads will solve the problem of smooth surfaces and possible injuries. It is desirable to prefer more democratic tones like gray or cream to white marble. Wooden risers and railings will visually smooth out the massiveness of the stone and create contrast. To preserve the lightness of sensations, it is worth giving them up and focusing on the decor of the railing..
The streams of light penetrating between the tiered structure neutralize the power of marble or granite. A straight march is appropriate to complement the openwork of forged railings in the manner of Art Deco.
In the lobby of a Scandinavian home, in a monopoly of eco-materials and natural colors, a laconic two-tone design will become an example of elegance.
The fragmented combination of light marble and brown wood against the backdrop of a colorful hallway looks unusual. Solid railing duplicating the wall cladding. is perceived ambiguously. Colored glossy reflections of prints of the opposite vertical only partially smooth out the massiveness of the panel. An analogue with traditional railings, a duet of stone and metal in this format would look more interesting and elegant.
The living room and hall, made in the classical tradition, always advocate the dominance of wood. Therefore, the figured fragments of the fence are made to match the wall panels and steps, and make up a wonderful eco-composition. However, if the large front door is covered with carpets and the idea of Doric columns is implemented, instead of balusters and absurdly wide railings, it is not difficult to get the lobby of the Soviet Palace of Culture. This means that the design of a large hall requires a sense of proportion and a clear guideline for a given style..
The configuration of the stairs, in addition to the spiral shape, can be with a turn, straight, curved. Single-flight stairs turn out to be steep, but the resulting niche, given a small area, sometimes solves the problem of storing things. For comfortable access to the shelves, you can fix the ladder to the wall, build on stringers, and arrange the ends according to the concept. Also, a project with the construction of a frame on bowstrings is not ruled out in addition to the wall that hides the closet under the march.
It should be remembered about the lighting of the spans. On the first and last step, a light should always be blinking. The optimal solution is to install a spotlight system with sensors along the entire span. One has only to take the first step, as the light automatically flashes around the perimeter. A ladder can easily make any space unique..