Brushing wood is one of the ways to decorate natural materials that can be used in the manufacture of a wide variety of interior items and materials for decoration. This processing method is based on the use of the difference in density of wood layers. If you look at the cut of a tree, then the growth rings will be perfectly visible precisely due to the difference in the density of the layers. Fibers with different physical qualities create a distinctive individual pattern that can be effectively used to create decorative (but functional) surfaces. These can be pieces of furniture, finishing materials or simply decorative elements designed to decorate the interior..
Aged wood – the trend of modern design
In modern interior design, brushed wood surfaces are used everywhere, in rooms with a wide variety of functionality. This is not an easy trend of the current season, it is a popular way of creating design solutions for several years. Obviously, the fashion for artificially aged wood will not pass in the near future – you can safely use this technique to decorate your own home and be sure of the relevance of the created design.
Throwing is carried out by removing the soft layers of wood, after which the denser layers will be exposed, presenting a beautiful natural pattern, embossed surface. Usually, the removal of soft layers occurs naturally over time. Within the framework of the carpentry workshop, this process can be accelerated and visually aged wood to obtain a textured surface..
The process of accelerating the aging of wood can be performed with both soft and hard wood species. The only condition is the presence of clearly defined layers with a soft and hard composition, a clear texture. The following wood species have such properties:
- wenge (dark African wood species).
To those types of wood that it makes no sense to try to brush due to the lack of an obvious «layering» (differences between soft and hard layer, lack of fine fiber structure) include:
Considering the fact that natural wood fits perfectly into almost any stylistic direction in interior design, thrown wood is actively used both for surface finishing and for the manufacture of pieces of furniture and decor. Floor covering, wall and ceiling panels, frame furniture, facades of storage systems – it is difficult to list all the areas of application of artificially aged wood.
Home brushing process
The brushing method is one of the easiest ways to age wood at home. You can add texture to a wooden surface with a minimum amount of equipment, tools and fixtures. The advantage of the method is also that it involves the use of exclusively manual labor..
So, you will need:
- metal brushes with varying degrees of hardness (for rough removal of a soft layer from the surface of a wooden blank);
- sandpaper with different levels of grit (will be needed for both rough grinding and final polishing;
- wood stain to give the wood maximum decorative effect;
- surface finish varnish.
All these devices are needed for exclusively manual labor to create a brushed wood surface. Giving texture to the tree, its visual aging can be simplified by slightly mechanizing it. You can use a drill with adjustable speed and a special brushing machine. For such machines, you will need to purchase a set of brushes of three types:
- polymer with abrasive;
- sesal (hairy).
For the production of a small surface made of wood with a textured effect, it makes no sense to purchase all these devices. But if brushed wood is actively used in the design of your home, then the expenses will be justified. After all, having a certain sequence of actions, you can achieve not only fast, but also high-quality production of brushed wood..
Algorithm of actions when brushing wood
The use of brushing for decorative woodworking allows you to change the texture and color of a wide variety of wood species. So let’s get started:
1.The timber you need must first be moistened in order to avoid the spread of wood dust. The first treatment is carried out with a metal brush, selected based on the density of the wood. Metallic «villi» brushes should successfully remove the soft layer of wood without damaging the hard layers. Traffic «bristles» should be in the direction of the grain, choose the intensity and pressure based on the efficiency of scraping the soft layer. When working manually, there are no problems with the selection of the desired intensity of actions and the level of pressing, but you have to put a lot of effort. With a mechanical typewriter, it will be necessary to select the level of rotation of the brush for each product, but the process itself is incredibly fast and efficient.
2.Next, you need to change the nozzle to a polymer brush with an abrasive. With the help of this device, you can carry out the primary grinding of the surface, removing roughness and possible scraps of wood fibers left over from the previous stage of processing. After all unnecessary is removed, it is necessary to assess the quality of the work done. If the grooves are not sufficiently pronounced, then treat the surface again (different types of wood in different ways «behave» at this stage of brushing). At this stage of the work, you can add decorativeness to the workpiece – using a chisel, create indentations of an arbitrary shape, in different places (at your discretion, it all depends on the desired result). These grooves can be given the most natural look (as if the tree itself has aged itself over time) after rough grinding.
3.The next stage is the final polishing with a hair brush (attachment). This device will help to give the surface an uneasy finished look, but the aesthetics of a polished product with a pronounced texture. If you are working by hand, use the finest grit sandpaper (the surface will be perfectly polished).
4.Next comes the process of preparing the product for staining and varnishing. The surface must be thoroughly cleaned and dried. Depending on the selected design of elements that will contain brushed wood, you can choose the type of coating for the textured surface:
- only applying clear varnish.
The use of wood stain will allow you to create a quick visual change in the aesthetics of wood – due to the formation of a contrasting pattern on the natural relief of the tree. In order for the areas with soft layers (quickly absorbing the composition) to darken, and the denser areas to remain light, the stain must be applied quickly, abundantly and immediately remove the residues. The processing of the textured surface with gilded paint looks incredibly impressive – against the background of the natural color of wood, it penetrates into depressions and microcracks, creating an original and noble glow of the entire product.
5.After all the painting or varnishing work is completed, the surface (after complete drying) must be polished again to get rid of the roughness that arose during painting. After complete drying, the surface can be varnished. If we are talking about creating a finishing material for flooring, then it is necessary to use a special parquet varnish, which allows you to extend the service life of the created flooring.
A beautiful effect with a pronounced natural pattern of wood can be achieved without staining, by firing the surface with a blowtorch. The workpiece, slightly fired with a blowtorch, will need to be sanded, and after cleaning and drying, the surface will need to be varnished for finishing.
And in conclusion
One of the main advantages of brushing wood is the ability to create exclusive interior items and finishing materials at home. The ability to visually age wood without unnecessary expenses and use an effective textured surface to create coatings, pieces of furniture or decor on its own, pushes many owners of apartments or private houses to various experiments in this area. Original solutions for staining, patting, gilding and silvering textured products, allow you to create a creative design of rooms with a wide variety of functional loads. After all, natural wood is relevant at all times, in any stylistic direction of interior design. Here are some examples of using aged wood for flooring …
Wall panels for effective finishing of all or only accent surfaces …
Finishing material for ceiling decoration …
The original kitchen apron …
Ceiling beams, columns and ceilings, platbands, fixings, railings and steps of stairs and other structural elements of the interior …
Door interior sheets …
Storage system facades …
Kitchen island countertops, dining tables and desks
Furniture items – beds, chairs, tables, stools, stands, bookcases, benches and more …