Materials (edit)

Types of putties

The putty is used to eliminate minor defects and level various surfaces. Available in the form of a pasty and powdery material. Depending on the composition of the binder, there are the following types of putty: gypsum-based or cement-based, universal, polymer, special, waterproof, finishing. Each subspecies has its own characteristics and is used when finishing a particular surface. Let’s figure it out in more detail.

Plaster based putty stands out for its whiteness and plasticity. It is very easy to use, easy to apply and sand. It’s no secret that gypsum has the ability to absorb excess moisture from the air, and if there is a shortage, give it back. That is why gypsum-based putty has the ability to create a favorable microclimate in any room.

Cement-based putty apply for both internal and external work. Most often used for finishing concrete and brick surfaces. The material is sufficiently moisture resistant, therefore it is also used for finishing rooms with high humidity (bathroom, facade, etc.). What’s more, the cement putty is highly resistant to low temperatures..

Polymer putty used for finishing works indoors. In addition, the material is used to seal joints, seams and other various cracks that are a consequence of water penetration..

Universal putty stands out for its high strength among its  «classmates». After application, it forms a fairly flat surface of gray or white color without visible defects. The material does not crumble and is easy to sand.

Finishing putty used in the final stage to repair smaller cracks and scratches. It is applied to the surface in a very thin layer, about one millimeter. The material is usually applied in several layers, while it is necessary to dry well each previously applied layer. It is very important that the thickness of the layer does not exceed the norm, otherwise the surface may crack. The material does not require sanding. After drying, a dense, silky white surface is formed.

Waterproof putty it is used for external and internal finishing of cement, concrete and plastered surfaces. Has increased moisture resistance.

There are other types of putties.

Glue putty – 10% consists of a solution of glue, drying oil and chalk. Thanks to this, the material is durable and easy to apply to the surface.

Oil and glue putty – contains water, acrylates, drying oil, plasticizers and other additives. Most often it is used to level various defects in walls and ceilings made of wood or concrete. It can also be used on plastered surfaces that will later be painted or peeled off with wallpaper. The material is intended for indoor use only.

Latex putty – consists of acrylates, water, plasticizer, calcite filler and other additives. It is used in the same way as oil-adhesive plaster. Used for interior work.

Acrylic universal putty – is made according to modern technologies from chemical raw materials. Has a dense fine-grained surface and combines the properties of leveling compounds. It can be easily sanded with an emery cloth, and after complete drying it does not crack and shrink. Acrylic putty is considered an environmentally friendly and high quality material. Great for homework, especially if there is no time to select a separate putty for each material. It is used for interior work when leveling plastered, plasterboard, wood and concrete surfaces. Apply in both thin and thick layers.

Facade acrylic putty – characterized by increased moisture resistance and is used for outdoor work on concrete, plaster and wood. Perfectly filled and leveled, does not crack, does not stretch for a spatula, has increased strength. The material dries quickly, is easy to sand, has abrasion resistance and high ductility.

Oil putty – contains driers, chalk and natural drying oil. The material is used in the preparation of window spans, external doors, window sills, floors and others. “wet” surfaces. It is used where preliminary leveling is required before painting with oil, water-based paints and enamels. Possesses high adhesion rates. Most often used for indoor work in dry or damp rooms.

Luxurious oil and glue putty  – used for leveling ceilings and walls in rooms for wallpaper or painting. Also, the material can be used as a finish for plasterboard and gypsum fiber surfaces..

Shakril – used for leveling various plastered surfaces and plinth plinth. Sometimes used for gluing ceramic tiles, but only in dry rooms. If the material is diluted with water, then it is perfect for whitewashing ceilings and walls with a brush.

Putty  «shakril super white universal» – is characterized by plasticity and good adhesion. Can also be used for adhesive ceramic tiles in dry rooms. Suitable for cement, plaster, concrete, plasterboard and gypsum fiber surfaces.

Summarize

All types of putties are distinguished by their unique qualities, advantages and disadvantages. The material is selected depending on the type of surface, room conditions and, of course, financial capabilities. You can read about other rough works here.