Plants

Astilba in landscape design: varieties and care features

Every year more and more attention is paid to landscape design. With its help, the territory is transformed beyond recognition. And all this is the merit of various plants that you can even grow on your own. Today we propose to talk about the features of the care and breeding of astilba. This is a wonderful plant that landscape designers often use in their work..

Features of astilba in landscape design

The truly beautifully blooming perennial astilba has lush foliage with large paniculate inflorescences of different shades. The most common colors are red, white, lilac, pink and burgundy. Most often, this plant is grown in groups on lawns. In addition, astilba feels great near water bodies, but only under trees. Therefore, they are mainly combined with moisture-loving and shade-tolerant plants in one composition. These include ferns, aquilegia and others.

As for flowering, astilba leaves bloom in May. In this case, the regrowth of shoots begins at the end of April, and flowering itself begins at the end of June. Late flowering varieties can even be in the second half of August. But in general, it is believed that the flowering of astilba is quite long. Since it mainly lasts from July to August. Often during this period, flowers are cut to dry for decorative winter bouquets. They look luxurious in the interior and create a feeling of coziness..

Astilba in landscape design: the most popular varieties for the garden

In natural conditions, there are about 30 types of astilba. Breeders have bred many different varieties and hybrids that differ not only in color, but also in the duration of flowering or in their size. In landscape design, varieties of pink and lilac are mainly used. But it is also not uncommon to see cream or white astilba..

Astilba Arends

This variety is distinguished by very bright inflorescences of yellow-white and red-pink shades. In addition, the inflorescences are paniculate. That is, branches with branching at an acute angle depart from the base and taper towards the apex. They are quite voluminous and often occupy the center of the entire composition..

Astilba Thunberg

This variety is characterized by a particularly interesting drooping inflorescence shape. That is, they visually resemble hanging arcs. This comes at the expense of flexibility. As for the color, the astilbe of this variety mainly has yellowish-white or light pink shades..

Japanese astilba

Low-growing early-flowering inflorescences of this variety look incredibly beautiful. They are mostly white or pink..

Astilba: options for combining with other plants in landscape design

High astilba looks quite impressive not only among the plantings, consisting of different varieties. Increasingly, it is combined with other flowers and shrubs, which allows you to add a touch of experiment to the design. However, it is important to take into account all the nuances and features here so that the plants are comfortable in the conditions you choose. Astilbes look the most interesting in combination with hosts. Basically, they have fairly bright and large leaves. Therefore, they perfectly complement each other, creating an interesting composition..

In turn, juniper can also perfectly coexist with astilba. It looks refined, bright, which is why it is often the main thing in the composition. Despite the fact that astilba in this case will be in the background, it looks no less attractive. To decorate landscape design, it is often planted together with fern, daylilies or geraniums. An interesting and atypical combination in the garden of astilba with lilies of the valley, tulips, rhododendrons and crocuses.

Often this plant can be seen in the shade of the crown of a large coniferous or deciduous tree. Thus, it turns out to dilute the greens of shade-loving plants with beautiful inflorescences. In this case, astilba will be perhaps the best solution for landscape design or garden decoration..

In general, we can say that astilba will be appropriate in any flower garden. The thing is that it is versatile and is great not only for the first row of a composition, but also for the middle or background of a design. When choosing low-growing plants, it is better to use them to decorate an alpine slide. In addition, they are suitable for lawns and flower bed curbs. In turn, tall varieties are the ideal solution for a green hedge. And, of course, such flowers look great along the paths, in groups or singly..

The nuances of growing astilba

Before purchasing this plant, be sure to study the nuances and features of growing. As mentioned above, astilbe is shade-loving, so it should not be planted in excessively sunny places. Otherwise, flowering will be reduced to two weeks, and the flowers themselves will most likely fade in the sun. If there is no other option on the territory, then pay attention to the special ones adapted for this variety. Among them, the Chinese dwarf astilba deserves attention, as well as varieties such as Frida Klapp or Diamant..

The next thing to look out for is the amount of moisture. If you are decorating your garden in an arid area, be sure to take care of watering. In some cases, this must be done daily to keep the plant looking attractive. Of course, the best place for her would be the coastline and bodies of water. An alternative could be a stream or even an artificial lake. Interestingly, even wetlands with excessive moisture are best suited for astilbe..

Astilba is rightfully considered one of the finest flowering plants that does not require too much care. She is able to withstand frost, while remaining in the open field. That is why it is especially popular with landscape designers and just amateurs..