Plants

Barberry in landscape design: features, varieties and rules of care

If you are looking for a versatile plant for landscaping, we recommend that you pay attention to the barberry. It is literally at the peak of its popularity, as it is suitable for the implementation of the most daring and unusual ideas in the design of the site. In addition, it can have a variety of leaf colors and can grow almost anywhere..

Features of barberry in landscape design

Barberry is a shrub or tree that grows up to 4 meters in height. It is characterized by thorny twigs and beautifully colored leaves. For example, a barberry with green foliage transforms in autumn and the leaves turn orange-red. By itself, it is suitable for any task. Someone creates compositions on its basis, others acquire it for a mixborder, and still others use it to design a hedge. In addition, barberry can be seen in both group and single plantings. Therefore, it is often combined with various colors, which allows you to create a living panel of incredible beauty..

It is interesting that barberry not only serves as an ornamental plant, but also has beneficial properties that have a beneficial effect on the body. Its berries help lower blood pressure, strengthen the cardiovascular system, and even boost immunity. But this mainly applies to the edible variety of the common barberry. Its berries have a sweetish taste and are suitable for fresh or processed consumption..

Types and varieties of barberry

Not many people know that there are more than 170 species of barberry in nature. They are all different and grow mainly in mountainous areas. Therefore, today we propose to understand the most popular options that are actively used in landscape design. In general, the following types of barberry are distinguished:

  • dwarf barberries are distinguished by a height of up to 30 cm and a spherical crown shape. tall barberries often reach 3.5 m in height. They look like massive bushes with drooping branches, which attract the attention of others..
  • common barberry is most often found in household plots. Basically, this plant grows up to 1.5 m in height and blooms with white or yellow flowers. This period is on average 2-3 weeks. In general, it is believed that ordinary barberry is unpretentious in care, it tolerates heat and cold well. If necessary, you can always make a shaping haircut so that the plant has a certain look. And of course, it is he who has the edible, tasty fruits. Among the most famous varieties of common barberry, one can note such as “Aureamarginate” and “Juliana”.

  • Thunberg barberry is an equally popular variety. Such a bush can grow up to 2.5 m in height and is generally elongated. Interestingly, in the summer, its foliage is yellow or red, and in the fall, it turns brown. As for the shape, it is predominantly elongated. Barberry Thunberg blooms in May, for 2 weeks, with small flowers with a red border. Moreover, it is completely undemanding to care for and resistant to cold and heat. As for the fruits, they should not be consumed, as they are very bitter. Unlike the previous species, the Thunberg barberry has about 50 varieties. Dwarf forms include “Kobold”, “Thunberg”, “Atropurpurea Nana”. Among the decorative options are popular “Maria”, “Bonanza Gold”, and “Teeny Gold”. The barberry with erect branches looks rather unusual. If you are looking for just such an option, then take a closer look at the variety “Red Pilar” or “Erecta”. Tall plants with white, green or red leaf color deserve attention..

  • Amur barberry is ideal for group plantings and hedges. This is because the plant grows up to 3.5 m in height. Large green leaves and lush shape of the bush make it incredibly beautiful. The flowers are yellow and the fruits are edible. In addition, this variety is unpretentious to care for and not too demanding on the soil. It tolerates drought easily, but this species is not suitable for a climate with severe frosts. Variety “Zhaponik” and “Orpheus” predominantly chosen for landscape design.
  • Ottawa barberry has a height of up to 2 m. The foliage of this species is incredibly beautiful, dark purple in color. In the autumn season, it becomes even more intense and dark. In turn, the flowers of such a barberry are yellow with a slight reddish tint. As for care, this species is also unpretentious and easily tolerates the cold season. The most popular varieties are “Superba”, “Auricoma” and “Purpurea”.

Landscape compositions with barberry

As mentioned above, almost all types and varieties of barberry have an attractive decorative appearance. Therefore, they are often used for landscape compositions. It can be hedges, mixed plantings, tapeworm, as well as rock gardens and rockeries..

First of all, barberry received such popularity in landscape design thanks to the luxurious shades of foliage. It can be yellow, green, purple with various edging. In a flower garden, they look incredibly beautiful and create a bright, voluminous composition..

Barberry: planting and care rules

By itself, barberry is considered an unpretentious plant, but much depends on the type and variety of plant chosen. First of all, experts note that it is important to choose the most suitable landing site. It is best to choose the sunny side, especially for plants with red and burgundy foliage. The composition of the soil is not too fundamental. But at the same time, if you provide the barberry with nutritious soil, the plant will grow much faster, and the fruits will be tastier. And of course, in no case should there be stagnation of water. After rooting, the bushes do not require additional fertilizing and watering..

Landscaping can look very different. A variety of varieties and varieties of plants allows you to realize almost any idea. And barberry very often plays the main role in it..