Plants

Kalanchoe: beauty and benefits in one flowerpot

Kalanchoe is a plant with a unique combination of useful properties. It combines the aesthetic component with medicinal properties in the best way. The range of possibilities of the plant sap includes the treatment of the common cold, sore throat, wound healing of various origins and much more..

Kalanchoe with formed buds

Kalanchoe in bloom

External features of Kalanchoe

Madagascar is considered the birthplace of the flower. Usually, the thick trunk of the Kalanchoe is decorated with bright green leaves of an elongated shape with a sharp end. During flowering, most varieties are crowned with bright pink flowers..

Pink Kalanchoe flowers

Delicate pink Kalanchoe flowers

Kalanchoe belongs to the succulents from the fatty family. At the moment, there are about 200 varieties of this plant. The stems and leaves of the flower can be bare or pubescent, depending on the variety..

Blooming Kalanchoe with red flowers

Drooping Kalanchoe flowers

They can also grow from a few centimeters to four meters. Among them are vines and epiphytes. Most species have an unusual property – buds form on the leaves, which then turn into young Kalanchoe.

Kalanchoe green leaves

Spiky kalanchoe leaves

The inflorescences of this plant are referred to as terminal three-part. They are false paniculate umbrellas. As you reach the top of the stem, the leaves become smaller.

Red Kalanchoe flowers

Variety of Kalanchoe varieties

In addition to pink flowers, you can find varieties of other colors. Flowers can be erect or drooping. Some varieties of petals grow together into a tube.

Various Kalanchoe flowers

Pink tubular Kalanchoe flowers

The most famous two types of Kalanchoe are Blossfeld and Degremon. The first is characterized by bare stems that grow up to 30 cm in height. The leaves are egg-shaped with a jagged edge.

Large Kalanchoe bush

Bright orange Kalanchoe bloom

Usually these green leaves have a red border around the edges. This species blooms with small flowers up to 1 cm in diameter. They are collected from above in an inflorescence of orange, red, yellow or pink..

Delicate Kalanchoe flowers

Reddened Kalanchoe leaves

The second species grows up to 50 cm. Its leaves can grow up to 20 cm in length. They are narrower than those of the previous species, although they continue to retain their ovoid shape. Below, purple spots can be seen on these leaves. They are particularly fleshy and can be folded along the longitudinal axis..

Succulent Kalanchoe leaves

Young leaves of Kalanchoe

There are a number of other species of this plant:

  • Kalanchoe beauverdii;
  • Kalanchoe bentii;
  • Kalanchoe campanulata;
  • Kalanchoe dinklagei;
  • Kalanchoe crundallii;
  • Kalanchoe farinacea;
  • Kalanchoe manginii and many others.

White Kalanchoe flowers

Yellow Kalanchoe flowers

Proper care for the development of a beautiful and healthy plant

The appearance of the plant and the duration of flowering depend on the quality of care. In addition, it is important to choose the right place for installing a flowerpot..

Variety of shades on Kalanchoe flowers

Lush bloom of Kalanchoe

Watering

An excess of moisture can have a detrimental effect on the Kalanchoe. Therefore, it is necessary to study the specifics of this procedure. The roots of the flower are very sensitive and will immediately begin to rot when the ground is constantly wet.

A shade of pink on Kalanchoe flowers

Bright red Kalanchoe flowers

In the warm season, cool, settled water is used for irrigation. It should be poured exclusively into the ground. Drops falling on the stem or leaves may cause rotting..

Young Kalanchoe plants

Young Kalanchoe

The amount of water should be sufficient to maintain the soil in the desired condition, but without the formation of puddles. Excess fluid should be removed immediately. A break between watering of three days is considered optimal..

Kalanchoe diseases

Many buds on Kalanchoe leaves

In the cold season, watering is halved. The pallet under the pot should be dry, and moisture can be felt only on the soil. This is due to the fact that the thermophilic Kalanchoe is very difficult to tolerate the cold and will freeze and die from excess water..

White Kalanchoe flower

To protect the plant from stress during the winter, the water for irrigation should be at room temperature. In winter, the moisture accumulated in the leaves is consumed more slowly and its reserves are sufficient for a longer period. The intervals between irrigations can be up to 14 days..

Yellow-orange flowering Kalanchoe

Pale pink Kalanchoe flowers

Air humidity

Kalanchoe does not need spraying. It is enough just to occasionally wash the leaves under the shower. This is enough to wash off the accumulated dust. In addition, you can occasionally wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. This will help avoid spider mites and mealy worms..

Roots on future Kalanchoe

Large pink Kalanchoe flowers

Illumination

The plant is able to live even with a little sunlight. In direct sunlight, the leaves will change color, slightly reddening. This position will not bring harm to the plant.

Lush yellow Kalanchoe flowers

Still, the most suitable for Kalanchoe will be the eastern and southeastern parts of the house. The obvious lack of rays will affect the appearance of the plant: it will weaken and stretch upward. Therefore, in winter, it is better to provide the bush with additional lighting..

Blooming indoor Kalanchoe

Temperature regime

There are also no strict requirements for temperature. Even in early spring, at 10 grams of heat, Kalanchoe can be taken out into the air. In summer, the flower can be kept outside around the clock..

Orange Kalanchoe flowers

Graceful flower stalks of Kalanchoe

Hot days are not terrible for Kalanchoe. To add comfort to the flower at this time, it is enough to increase the frequency of watering. If it is possible to control the temperature around the plant, then in summer it should be between 23 and 25 grams, and in winter 12-16 grams.

Small Kalanchoe flowers

Small-flowered Kalanchoe

Top dressing

Perhaps Kalanchoe is one of the few plants that does not like fertilization. But, despite the unpretentiousness in this matter, there are situations when the flower is clearly lacking in nutrients. Then you can purchase a special composition for succulents and use it according to the instructions..

Bright yellow flowers

Kalanchoe seedlings

Fertilization is excluded in winter. Even if the appearance of Kalanchoe is in doubt, you should not load the roots with unnecessary additives. Top dressing can take place only in spring or in the middle of summer..

Inflorescence of red Kalanchoe

Delicate Kalanchoe flower petals

Pruning

Pruning is especially important for flowering varieties. The peduncle must be cut very low, as the remains will rot, which the plant will not like. Flowers weaken the plant, so all wilted flowers and unnecessary parts must be removed.

Yellow inflorescences of Kalanchoe

Succulents in the sun

Young cut shoots can be used for rooting and growing new young plants. In the summer, you can pinch the plant at the top of it. This promotes the emergence of new side shoots..

Green foliage of kalanchoe

In general, the Kalanchoe does not require increased attention and care. It is undemanding to the conditions of detention and regime. But at the same time, such a flower in the house is able to give a lot of pleasant impressions and benefit health..