In landscape design, thuja has long become one of the most popular tree species. It is chosen for themselves by professionals and amateurs, since it will delight you all year round with its attractive appearance. In addition, thuja have the ability to purify the air, which is very important in the modern world. Depending on the variety chosen, they can be used in completely different areas or even combined with other plants. Moreover, with proper care, thuja remain attractive for many years..
Tui in landscape design: features and benefits
Before you go shopping, we suggest you understand the features and main advantages. First of all, we note that thuja are evergreens that can perfectly be found in temperate climates without excessive heat or cold. Therefore, they can be grown almost everywhere. However, there are individual characteristics of care, depending on the selected variety..
In addition, we note that thuja can be of completely different sizes. For example, shrubs are rarely more than half a meter high. But there are also larger options that grow up to two meters in height and visually resemble trees. Therefore, all these features should be considered when choosing. After all, thujas can be supplemented with certain decorative elements or planted alone..
Western thujas in landscape design
Despite the variety of options, there are two types of tui: western and eastern. Each of the options is presented in different varieties. Undoubtedly, they have both advantages and disadvantages that are worth knowing about before purchasing. Therefore, now we will consider the features of Western tui.
This variety of thuja is generally not too tall, about 0.5 m in height and width. However, sometimes they can reach a meter to the sides. Such thuja are not too whimsical to care for and grow in sandy loam and light loamy soils. Slow growth can be distinguished among the advantages, so the composition with flowers remains unchanged for a long time. The main disadvantage of this variety is its sensitivity to over-watering or lack of water..
Unlike the previous version, these thuja are tall – from three to five meters. In this case, the crown can stretch two meters on the sides. There are, of course, some benefits to all of this. First of all, it is a dark, beautiful color. In addition, such thuja can tolerate frost well, but not too strong. Fertile soil is best suited for them, in which it can stay for about 150 years. As such, there are no shortcomings in this variety. The only thing is that with a lack of light, the color of the thuja becomes less saturated.
This variety of thuja differs in a diameter of about a meter. They grow in moderately moist and fertile soils. Therefore, they are ideal for most land plots. Among the shortcomings, it is worth noting the loss of shape and old tui. In addition, under over-watering conditions, they are not able to grow properly..
This variety is not large in size. Often the diameter is only 40 cm. Due to this feature, thuja is often chosen for small plots of land, as well as various stone structures. Despite this advantage, these thuja are very demanding on the ground. Ideal conditions for them will be a nutritious and moderately moist soil..
This variety is considered fast growing and has a columnar crown. The needles have a light green tint. Basically, thuja are planted with a distance of less than a meter to form a dense green wall. Its height can reach 4 meters.
Thuja of this variety mainly have a diameter of about 80 cm. They grow well on fertile soils with moderate moisture. They are mainly used to create compositions with not too much detail. The main disadvantage is the intolerance of excessive watering..
Features of oriental thujas in landscape design
As for the eastern thujas, they are no less attractive and have a number of their own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. They are often used to create living walls as well as group plantings. In general, it is believed that eastern thujas tolerate the unfavorable conditions of the city well..
A medium-sized variety has an average height of about 80 cm. Such thuja grow in a vertical direction and have an oval crown shape. As for the shade, in this case it is golden. It looks incredibly beautiful in landscape design. The disadvantage is the need for shelter in winter, as well as protection from the wind all year round.
This type of thuja generally grows no more than a meter. The crown has a columnar shape, as well as a juicy green color. They look great in compositions with little detail. But despite this, thuja require protection from the wind and mandatory shelter for the winter..
Tui in landscape design: varieties in shape
In addition to the classification of thuja by grade, there is still a fairly wide variety of options in shape. Columnar thuja often reach a height of five meters. They are chosen for creating hedges. Thanks to the variety of varieties, you can always find the most suitable option for each individual case..
Pyramidal thuja can grow up to twenty meters, while others do not exceed two meters in height. Mostly they are planted separately or in combination with various plants..
Keglevidnye thuja grow up to two meters, have dense branches. It is thanks to this that it turns out to form luxurious hedges..
In turn, the umbrella-shaped thuja are not too large. Mostly they grow up to one meter. They are used for decorative purposes for small flower beds..
Spherical thuja have dense spherical branches. They grow rather slowly, so that they do not violate the composition..
Tui are considered almost the main ones in landscape design. In general, they are almost the most unpretentious and do not require undue attention in the care process..